Intangible


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The probability of future economic benefits must be based on reasonable and supportable assumptions about conditions that will exist over the life of the asset. If recognition criteria not met. If an intangible item does not meet both the definition of and the criteria for recognition as an intangible asset, IAS 38 requires the expenditure on this item to be recognised as an expense when it is incurred.

Business combinations. There is a presumption that the fair value and therefore the cost of an intangible asset acquired in a business combination can be measured reliably. The Standard also prohibits an entity from subsequently reinstating as an intangible asset, at a later date, an expenditure that was originally charged to expense.

What It Means

If an entity cannot distinguish the research phase of an internal project to create an intangible asset from the development phase, the entity treats the expenditure for that project as if it were incurred in the research phase only. A research and development project acquired in a business combination is recognised as an asset at cost, even if a component is research. Subsequent expenditure on that project is accounted for as any other research and development cost expensed except to the extent that the expenditure satisfies the criteria in IAS 38 for recognising such expenditure as an intangible asset.

Brands, mastheads, publishing titles, customer lists and items similar in substance that are internally generated should not be recognised as assets. For this purpose, 'when incurred' means when the entity receives the related goods or services.

Intangible | Definition of Intangible by Merriam-Webster

If the entity has made a prepayment for the above items, that prepayment is recognised as an asset until the entity receives the related goods or services. An entity must choose either the cost model or the revaluation model for each class of intangible asset. Cost model. After initial recognition intangible assets should be carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses. Revaluation model. Intangible assets may be carried at a revalued amount based on fair value less any subsequent amortisation and impairment losses only if fair value can be determined by reference to an active market.


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Under the revaluation model, revaluation increases are recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in the "revaluation surplus" within equity except to the extent that they reverse a revaluation decrease previously recognised in profit and loss. If the revalued intangible has a finite life and is, therefore, being amortised see below the revalued amount is amortised.

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The cost less residual value of an intangible asset with a finite useful life should be amortised on a systematic basis over that life: [IAS Expected future reductions in selling prices could be indicative of a higher rate of consumption of the future economic benefits embodied in an asset. The standard contains a rebuttable presumption that a revenue-based amortisation method for intangible assets is inappropriate.

However, there are limited circumstances when the presumption can be overcome:. Note: The guidance on expected future reductions in selling prices and the clarification regarding the revenue-based depreciation method were introduced by Clarification of Acceptable Methods of Depreciation and Amortisation , which applies to annual periods beginning on or after 1 January Its useful life should be reviewed each reporting period to determine whether events and circumstances continue to support an indefinite useful life assessment for that asset.

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If they do not, the change in the useful life assessment from indefinite to finite should be accounted for as a change in an accounting estimate. Due to the nature of intangible assets, subsequent expenditure will only rarely meet the criteria for being recognised in the carrying amount of an asset. These words serve as exceptions. Once entered, they are only hyphenated at the specified hyphenation points.

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Navigation Standards. Part of this challenge lies in how we distinguish tangible from intangible benefits. Benefits are considered tangible when they are easy for the customer to quantify. For example, projected labor savings as a result of your solution, or lower energy consumption from your more efficient equipment.

Other benefits, such as image, are generally considered intangible since they are inherently difficult to quantify.

Complicating our simple definition of intangible benefits is the notion that some benefits may be difficult for some buyers to quantify intangible but easy for other buyers to quantify tangible. On the other hand, a rental company will have a very sophisticated understanding of how the different car brands and models in its car rental fleet effect its market position. So like any discussion about benefits, whether we classify the benefit as tangible or intangible depends on each specific buyer.

The key to selling an intangible benefit is helping the customer quantify the intangible benefit into bottom-line dollars and thus turning the intangible into something tangible. The first step in quantifying intangible benefits is to be pro-active and look for opportunities where your solution can benefit the customer. For the less obvious intangible benefits, you need to ask you clients how they calculate Total Cost of Ownership, improve their competitive advantage, enhance their image, reduce opportunity costs or reduce the time to market.

In some cases, the customer may not know and you will need to have a conversation with the customer on what they think that dollar amount would be.

You can come to such meetings with case studies explaining what happened to companies who improved their company image, or were able to get their product to market before the competition. The goal is to identify situations and opportunities that can lead to improved efficiencies, cost savings, or increased revenue and profit. In competitive selling situations, success often goes to those sales professionals who are able to demonstrate that their solution can create the most value for the buyer.

This means quantifying both the tangible and intangible benefits of your solution. About Debbi Conger.

WHAT ARE INTANGIBLES?

Tangible vs. Here are five common intangible benefits that are often difficult for customers to quantify: Image Total Cost of Ownership Competitive Advantage Opportunity Cost Time to Market Complicating our simple definition of intangible benefits is the notion that some benefits may be difficult for some buyers to quantify intangible but easy for other buyers to quantify tangible. Quantifying the Intangible The key to selling an intangible benefit is helping the customer quantify the intangible benefit into bottom-line dollars and thus turning the intangible into something tangible.

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